The Opportunity for Religious Tourism: In the Perspective of Bangladesh
AbstractTraditionally Bangladeshi people are religious regardless of religious faith. All the main religions (Muslim, Hindu, Christian, Buddhist) enjoy religious freedom in praying, pilgrimage, and celebration regardless of their numbers. Best architectures are displayed at thousands of ancient/new mosques, churches, pagodas, and synagogues scattered around the country. Thousands of people travel to see the Architectural ornamentation of various praying institutions. Spiritual tourism generates millions domestically and millions of foreign currencies for international spiritual travelers. Religious tourism is one of the largest contributors in overall tourism industry. Tourism not only increases tertiary employment, but it also stimulates the primary and secondary economies. The study shows that in Bangladesh there are tremendous opportunities to grow religious tourism because it has a lot of religious, cultural and archeological heritage, historical heritage, which could be potential destinations for tourism. The report also discusses issues with the growth of religious tourism and recommendations are also provided to motivate religious visitors to visit the country's numerous religious sites and to stimulate economic growth in Bangladesh.
Ahmad, S. (2013, March 19). Tourism Industry in Bangladesh. The Daily Star. Retrieved from https://www.thedailystar.net/news/tourism-industry-in-bangladesh
Antara, N. F. (2021, January 9). Report: 18 people killed every day on average in road accidents in 2020. Dhaka Tribune Retrieved from https://www.dhakatribune.com/bangladesh/2021/01/09/report-18-people-killed-every-day-on-average-in-road-accidents-in-2020 (Accessed: 03 March 2021)
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. (2019). Report on Bangladesh Sample Vital Statistics 2019. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
Foster, D. (1985). Travel And Tourism Management. In The Macmillan Press Ltd (1st ed.).
George, R. (2014). Marketing Tourism in South Africa. In Oxford University Press (5th ed.). Oxford University Press.
Howlader, M. Z. H. (2019, April 16). Islamic heritage tourism in Bangladesh (part-2). Daily Sun. Retrieved from https://www.daily-sun.com/printversion/details/385396/2019/04/16/Islamic-heritage-tourism-in-Bangladesh-part2
Huang, X., & Chen, Z. (2009). Study on the multiple value and development of religious tourism. Religious Studies, 1, 143â€“147.
Mazumdar, Sh. & Mazumdar, S. (2004). Religion and place attachment: A study of sacred places. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 24(1), pp. 385-397.
Neveu, N. (2010). Islamic tourism as an ideological construction: A Jordan study case. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 8(4), 327â€“337. https://doi.org/10.1080/14766825.2010.521252
Rot, E.; Mikinac, K.; Bogdan, S. (2014). General characteristics of religious tourism in Croatia. UTMS Journal of Economics Provided, 5(1), 79â€“87.
Sharpley, R. & Sundaram, P. (2005). Tourism: a sacred journey? The case of ashram tourism, India. International Journal of Tourism Research, 7(3), pp. 161-172.
Stausberg, Michael (2011). â€œReligion and tourism: crossroads, destinations and encounters.â€ London and New York: Routledge.
Uchinlayen, Suchana, J. J. (2018). The Scope for Religious Tourism : An Overview of Bangladesh. Journal of Business Studies, Vol. XXXIX(2), 193â€“207.
Vukonic, B. (1996). The Theological View of Tourism. In, Tourism and Religion (pp. 110-11). UK: Pergamon Press.
Walker, L. (2017). Tourism and hospitality management. In L. Walker (Ed.), Anatolia (Vol. 28, Issue 2). Library Press. https://doi.org/10.1080/13032917.2017.1292710
Wright, K. (2008). The Christian travel Planner: Christian travelers Guide. Executive Director, World Religious Travel Association. Retrieved from: http://www.christiantravelplanner.com/pdf/Christian%20Travel%20Planner%20Excerpt.pdf
Wright, K. (2009). The New Era of Faith Tourism. Presentation at the Arabian Travel Market, May 2009. Dubai, UAE. Retrieved from: http://www.slideshare.net/WRTA/arabian-travel-marketkevin-j-wrightdubai
World Tourism Organization. (2011). Religious Tourism in Asia and the Pacific. Madrid: UNWTO
World Tourism Organization (2021). https://www.unwto.org/glossary-tourism-terms
World Travel & Tourism Council. (2020). Portugal 2020 Annual Research: Key Highlights. March, 1.
World Economic Forum. (2019). The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2019: Travel and Tourism at a Tipping Point. http://reports.weforum.org/ttcr (Accessed: 03 January 2021)
Copyright (c) 2021 Jashim Uddin Sarker
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).