Smartphone addiction: proposing ethical codes for minimizing addiction risk at academic institutions


  • Md Shamimul Islam School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
  • Noorliza Karia School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
  • Mahmudul Hasan Fouji Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing, Jagannath University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Jamshed Khalid School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Khaleel School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
  • Firdaus Ahmad Fauzi School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia



ICT, smartphone addiction, academic performance, technology addiction, sources of ethics


Objectives:The purpose of this paper is to identify some potential sources of ethics which will motivate students to be more committed in guiding themselves on the proper use of Smartphone and in turn reducing the addiction risk.Method:This is a perspective paper that has been developed based on the literature review as well as based on opinion of the author.Findings:The paper argue that pasting some relevant religious teachings on the wall as an art installation in visible places would be a potential solution for minimizing addiction risk. The limitations and potential for further studies are also delineated at the end of the paper.Implications:Findings are useful for educators, policymakers, parents, and practitioners to overcome smartphone addiction risk and thereby improve learning performance. The suggestions presented in this paper from an objective morality point of view will enhance social harmony among the stakeholders within institutions.Contribution:Smartphone addiction is a growing phenomenon among students that endangers them from achieving their goals in academic life. Existing literature mostly sheds light on understanding the nature of addiction and its impact on academic performance. However, there is a dearth of research on how to minimize the addiction risk.


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